Yes! Dark side of the moon is trending in search and it was thus it was necessary to write an article on the same explaining the term ‘Dark Side of the Moon’ i.e. explaining the difference between ‘Far Side of the Moon’ and ‘Near-Side of the Moon’ Here’s everything you should know about the ‘Dark Side’ of the Moon.
Dark Side of Moon
The near side of the Moon is the lunar hemisphere that is permanently turned towards Earth, whereas the opposite side is the far side. Only one side of the Moon is visible from Earth because the Moon rotates on its axis at the same rate that the Moon orbits the Earth – a situation known as synchronous rotation, or tidal locking.
The Moon is directly illuminated by the Sun, and the cyclically varying viewing conditions cause the lunar phases. Sometimes the dark portion of the Moon is faintly visible due to earthshine, which is indirect sunlight reflected from the surface of Earth and onto the Moon.
Since the Moon’s orbit is both somewhat elliptical and inclined to its equatorial plane, libration allows up to 59% of the Moon’s surface to be viewed from Earth (though only half at any moment from any point).
The near side of the Moon is characterized by large dark areas that were believed to be seas by the astronomers who first mapped them, in the 17th century (notably, Giovanni Battista Riccioli and Francesco Maria Grimaldi). Although it was found out later that the Moon has no seas, the term “mare” (plural: maria) is still used. The lighter toned regions are referred to as “terrae”, or more commonly, the “highlands”.